गुरुवार, १ नोव्हेंबर, २०१८

Monuments never create the formal jobs...

Statue of Unity will improve livelihood, promote job creation & tourism: PM Modi

Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi in his speech said that the tourist city will be developed and the jobs will be created by the statue of unity. But in India, neither monuments nor so-called tourist cities have created formal jobs. Most of the monuments are not even able to generate the revenue to overcome the expenditure. 


Data sources - Press Information Bureau, Government of India, Ministry of Culture

Except for Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Group of monuments, Fatehpur Sikri, other monuments are struggling to generate the revenue. The revenue from Taj Mahaj is highest among all monuments. It was 21,84,88,950 Rs in 2013-14 i.e. around 21 Crore Rupees. For simplicity, let's assume that the statue of unity will generate 21 crore Rupees and so-called tourist cities will generate 41,73,16,987 Rs (It's a total expenditure on all World Heritage Monuments in India in 2013-14. I couldn't find any other proxies for revenue from tourist cities). 

Name of World Heritage Monument
2011-12
2012-13
2013-14
Ajanta Caves
17405443
8402193
9242624
Ellora Caves
4345368
14154331
9026556
Agra Fort
2168440
5151591
9888033
Taj Mahal
12900219
12651521
28575522
Sun Temple, Konark
32169898
39636120
27577338
Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram
1615355
3881106
6412906
Churches & convents of Goa
1780000
1506643
1600000
Group of Temples, Khajuraho
3765863
3776982
4640907
Group of Monuments at Hampi
73160000
81211000
23958000
Group of Monuments, Fatehpur Sikri
2596272
26951161
25035369
Group of Temples, Pattadakal
1604348
1836553
351306
Elephanta Caves
400000
2036872
2164065
Great Living Chola Temples at Thanjavur, Gangaikondacholapuram and Darasuram
2123000
1667000
1210700
Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi
1977330
2494920
1453124
Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi
71231220
77402200
71198110
Qutub Minar Complex, Delhi.
71231220
77402200
71198110
Prehistoric Rock Shelters of Bhimbetaka
571185
350384
409653
Champaner-Pavagarh Archaeological Park
11847000
10389000
12374550
Red Fort, Delhi
68569170
68562560
60719750
Rani- Ki-Vab(The Queen’s Stepwell ) at Patan, Gujrat
1618000
1375000
4789100
Hill Forts of Rajasthan



i.                     Jaisalmer
3153521
7951166
5753020
ii.                   Chittaurgarh
2753791
4339297
5206675
iii.                  Kumbhalgarh
2459921
1888055
2389403
iv.                 Ranthambhore
1881843
1472745
1834386
Data sources - Press Information Bureau, Government of India, Ministry of Culture

Forget about jobs but how many years it will take to recover the fixed cost of developing the project?? Again for simplicity, ignore the cost part of the project.
Talking about jobs alone, how many jobs will be created by this 60 crore rupees? The total contribution of the tourist industry is around US $41,582.4 million i.e. around 291076.80 crore Rs. and that industry generates 2,34,54,400 jobs in the economy (The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2017). So if we do the simple calculation, then in given industry 1 crore Rs generates 80 jobs. So 60 crore will create 4800 jobs i.e. around five thousand jobs!!!
Now let's examine the nature of the jobs. The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2017 finds that the skilled labor is missing from given industry. There is no inadequate education supply, practice, and training. This is indirectly showing the informal nature of the tourism industry. If the government is trying to create the jobs through such project then the government is actually expanding the informal sector. Therefore it might create jobs but won't improve the livelihood. 

The secular stagnation is at corner. Fiscal policies must be restructured otherwise.... 

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